the Portuguese Subjunctive

Overview Every serious Portuguese student runs straight into the subjunctive mood and immediately begins to question their reason for being. The subjunctive mood has been known to break students. But do not let that happen to you because: it’s actually a rose with thorns. It easily repels most. But the Portuguese subjunctive is a truly…

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The Present Progressive (gerund)

Use Use it to talk about things that are happening right now! Think of it as progress in the present: working, shopping, talking, studying. The Present Progressive is equivalent to the ing ending in English. It’s easy to learn. There is no irregular verb in the present progressive in Portuguese. Furthermore, the conjugations are the…

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Portuguese Adverbs of Intensity

Some Portuguese adverbs are made for adding INTENSITY (emphasis). They have their own name too: adverbs of intensity. You don’t need to actually know what an “adverb of intensity” is – you already use them every day. You just need to know the vocabulary for expressing things like, ‘hardly’, ‘almost’, ‘completely’ as in, ‘I kind…

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The Imperfect Subjunctive

Use In general, The subjunctive tense is used when the action you’re talking about has some degree of uncertainty. The imperfect subjunctive is used for actions that are very unlikely to happen — or to have occured. The imperfect subjunctive is sometimes called, the past subjunctive – that’s because it often talks about things that were…

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