Portuguese verb TER is among the top 10 most important verbs. It's conjugation is very irregular.
The very first sentence I used in Brazil was, Você tem o jornal de hoje?. I asked it at a newsstand! I came off pretty nervous sounding. But it was a successful first try. I managed to pronounce the tem like it's teng: você teng o jornal de hoje? It took me a week to read the first page of that newspaper.
*PS - once upon a time people actually would read the news in printed form. It would come on this giant thin paper and weighed as much as 3 loaves of bread.
TER: the Present Tense
|I have||eu t||enho|
|you/he/she have(has)||você/ele/ela t||em|
Eu tenho uma reserva.
I have a reservation.
Ela tem uma ideia. She has an idea.
Você tem o jornal de hoje? Do you have today's newspaper?
Tem uma mesa aqui? Is there a table here?
*Note in this last example that TER is used to ask, is there? and to say, there is!
Na próxima rua tem um banco.
There's a bank on the next street.
Tem internet aqui? Is there internet here?
**You can also use HAVER in these examples since it also expresses is there, there are/is... However, Brazilians will MOST OFTEN use tem to express is there/ are there/ there is/ there are. It's Spanish that uses HAVER (há) predominantly.
TER: saying "to have to"
Using the Portuguese verb TER to express to have to is similar to English. You just need to remember to include the que right after TER.
Eu tenho que ir.
I have to go.
Você vai ter que pagar. You're going to have to pay.
Ela tem que entender. She has to understand.
In the next post we'll talk about the superpowers of the verb TER.