the Present Subjunctive

the Portuguese Present Subjunctive

Use the Present Subjunctive tense to talk about things that are uncertain to happen: in the present.

In Portuguese, there are several ways to talk about the future, each with varying shades of meaning.  The present subjunctive is used to show that some idea or action is hypothetical. For example,

I hope that you have a pair of sunglasses is hypothetical. So is, Do you want me to speak to her?

HYPOTHETICAL situations include those that express desire, emotion, improbability, give commands, and to express an opinion.

What triggers the Present Subjunctive?

espero que; caso que; é importante que; é possivel que; é necessário que; are triggers for this tense.

Examples:

Do you want me drive? > Você quer que eu diriga?
I hope that you talk to her today. > Eu espero que você fale com ela hoje.
It’s important that you understand everything. > É importante que você entenda tudo.
Do you want me to send it by email? > Você quer que eu mande por email?

Forming the Present Subjunctive

Take the 1st-person present root and add an:
+e for ar verbs
+a for er/ir verbs

Example: ACONTECER
the 1st-person present is: eu aconteço;
the root is aconteç;
adding an a > aconteça.

-ar present subjunctive regular verbs

that I speak que eu fal e
that he speaks que ele fal e
that we speak que nós fal emos
that they speak que eles fal em

-er and -ir present subjunctive regular verbs

that I eat que eu com a
that he eats que ele com a
that we eat que nós com amos
that they eat que eles com am
Learn about the other subjunctive forms here: the Future Subjunctive and the Imperfect Subjunctive.