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Brazilian Portuguese – the Future Subjunctive

by / Thursday, 28 February 2013 / Published in Portuguese Grammar

Use

The future subjunctive is used to talk about future action that are not completely sure to happen.

As soon as I get off work, I’ll call you.

When I get to the beach, we’ll go surfing.

If you talk to Raquel, tell her I’m at home.

In portuguese these become,

Assim que eu sair do serviço, te ligo.
Quando eu chegar na praia, a gente vai surfar.
Se você falar com Raquel, diga para ela que estou em casa.

The conjugation for the singular forms is easy – it’s just the infinitive form of the verb:

Me liga quando você chegar.
Se eu vou chegar atrasado, te aviso.
Assim que ela chegar nós podemos jantar.

Watch out though for the irregular verbs! IR is one of the most common in this tense:

Se você for a praia, leva protetor solar.
Quando eu for ao centro eu vou procurar uma loja de móveis.

Triggers

If, when and as soon as often trigger this tense.  Ask yourself: am I talking about action in the future? If your’e saying if, when or as soon as — use the future subjunctive.

Forming

For regular verbs only the plural forms change from the infinitive.

-ar future subjunctive regular verbs

if I arrive se eu falar  
if he arrives se ele falar  
if we arrive se nós falar mos
if they arrive se eles falar em

-er and -ir future subjunctive regular verbs

if I lose se eu perder  
If he loses se ele perder  
If they lose se nós perder mos
If they lose se eles perder em

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